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The combustion reaction of c3h8o with o2 is represented by this balanced chemical equation. 2c3h8o + 9o2 6co2 + 8h2o when 3.00 g of c3h8o and 7.38 g of o2 are combined, how many moles of which reactant remain? (a) 0.006 mol o2 (b) 0.024 mol c3h8o (c) 0.24 mol o2 (d) 0.18 mol c3h8o
According to the question-
1 mol C3H8O = 60.096 g C3H8O
2 mol C3H8O = 9 mol O2
1 mol O2 = 31.998 g O2
[(3.00 g C3H8O)/1][(1 mol C3H8O)/(60.096)][(9 mol O2)/(2 mol C3H8O)][(32.998 g O2)/(1 mol O2)] = 7.1880435 g O2
Since 7.1880435 g of O2 is needed, and 7.38 g of O2 is available, 0.199565 g of O2 will be left over and oxygen is present in excess.
Next, we need to convert 0.199565 g of O2 into moles of O2:
[(0.199565 g O2)/1][(1 mol O2)/(31.998 g O2)] = 0.005999 mol O2, or 0.006 mol O2
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